Music is an art form transmitted through sound and silence with both cultural and social significance. Elements of music include texture, harmony, beat, rhythm, pitch, timbre and form or structure among others. The definition, significance, creation and performance of music differ from community to community. Different types of music have been composed by different artists since this art started during the Paleolithic period. The most notable ones include popular music, art music, religious or gospel music and traditional music. Music forms an important part of the lives of people everywhere in the world.
Composition and performance of music serves a wide range of purposes such as aesthetic, ceremonial, religious entertainment among others. In the classical and Roman times, music was only available through live performances and sheets as there was no technology of recording. If there was no live performance of certain music, one would buy sheet music of the music he loves most and perform it on the piano at home.
There are different levels of musicians. Professional musicians do music as their full-time employment and are making a lot of income from it. They are paid to perform on stage or in live bands and advertisement of products for television and radio. Amateur musicians, on the other hand, do music for leisure as they engage in other economic activities. It is the hope of many armature musicians to grow into a professional musician and make money out of it. Music can either be composed by one person or more using images, words or computer program. The ease of composing is different between musicians. Some songwriters may require many hours of thinking to come up with the lyrics while others form the lyrics in their mind and record directly from their mind without writing them on paper. One’s experience and music content determined the method he is going to apply and possibly the time needed.
In the 1980s when the world experienced a lot of technological changes, home tape recorders were invented. These machines revolutionalized the music industry as music lovers could play a tape of their preferred songs with a walkman. The 20th century has witnessed even more people listening to music as radio become widespread and phonographs were manufactured and used to distribute and replay music. New sounds, rhythms, and style were also invented. Owing to the speed at which technological advancements are being made, we expect the body of music listeners to grow further as more sophisticated machines of recording and playing music are being manufactured.